Theme: Novel Discoveries and Strategies to Manage Depression, Anxiety and Stress

Stress Management 2016

Stress Management 2016

Conference Series LLC, organizes conferences all around the world in 2016. Here we welcome you to the 2nd Annual Experts Meeting on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Management to be held on November 7-8, 2016 at Barcelona, Spain.

The conference aims to encourage interaction between groups working on mental health issues to facilitate the coordination of joint projects. Business leaders will get to meet with renowned industrialists. Workshops, exhibitions and media coverage will enhance the business value and the efficiency of the product on International platform. Scientific sessions will be coordinated by leading researchers on various fundamental and clinical areas, providing attendees with advanced knowledge of the neurobiological, psychological, genetic, spiritual and environmental foundations of normal psychological activity and mental disorders, as well as skills applicable to mental health research.

Track 1: Stress and Mental Health

Depression, since a long back has been the reason for a number of miseries in life. Think of the students, they lack in academics and sports, think of the employees, they lack in performance, think of the elders, they are not able to take care of the family, think of the doctors, scientists, researchers, elected representatives or professors, if they got to suffer from anxiety or chronic stress, what could have been the consequences. This conference aims to put forth the medical advancements that took place in the field of depression.  

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Track 2: Stress and Anxiety

Anxiety can be correlated to emotional disability or mood swings that shows the tendencies of a mismanaged mind. One can often see people getting anxious or nervous of their needs or responsibilities. Many even remain unaware that they are suffering from anxiety disorder,

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Track 3: Occupational Stress

Long back, mental health was not considered a much important field of research and diagnosis. Life was quite simple and easy than the times now. The era of technology and discoveries with all the benefits to mankind has come up with a lot more pressure and stress. The researchers took the initiative to find out the biology and genetics of stress. We are inviting all those eminent people who have contributed much into the discovery of antidepressants and the healing devices.

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Track 4: Depression and Stress

Stress affects many levels of physiology and emotional status. Under stress, the body releases chemicals that shut down the ability to feel, think and act.

The symptoms differ depending upon the source. The responsibility of a task when exceeds the potential of the doer lead to depression or stress. Emptiness in life, job or money insecurity, negative emotions, jealousy, greed mental depression, anxiety, sickness etc are important factors to be considered. 

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Track 5: Stress and Behavoir

Research suggests that the continues release of stress hormones cause hyperactivity in the HPA system which disrupts normal levels of serotonin. People appear to be more prone to risk for an overactive HPA system under psychological disorders. 

Oxidative stress results disturbances in the normal redox state of cells which tends to cause toxic effects by producing free radicals and peroxides.

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Track 6: Post  Traumatic Stress Disorder

Healthcare costs are much higher for workers who are depressed or stressed. Half of the American workers describe their jobs very stressful, making job-related stress a preventable and important health hazard. In a struggling economy, worry about job loss produces a tremendous amount of stress.

Research suggest that work stress is as great threat to health as smoking or not exercising. Stress causes sleeplessness, impairs concentration and increases the risk for back problems, illness and accidents. Work stress lead to harassment or even violence. At extreme, chronic stress burdens the heart and circulation that may be fatal.

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Track 7: Acute Stress Disorder

Stress affects people in many ways. Acute stress disorders tends to immediate changes throughout the body. All body systems gear up to meet perceived danger. Long term or Chronic stress can have real health consequences and should be addressed on priority. 

Post-traumatic stress disorder is a reaction to a very traumatic event. The incident that brings on PTSD is usually out of normal human experience, such as sexual assault or intense combat. People  struggles to forget the trauma and often develops emotional numbness and amnesia. Often, there is a mental flashback, and the sufferer re-experiences the painful circumstance in the form of disturbing thoughts, dreams and memories. Other symptoms may include hopelessness, irritability, mood swings, inability to concentrate or sleep problems.

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Track 8: Stress Associated Disorders

People under chronic stress often turn to, alcohol and drugs for relief and become addicted of these self-destructive habits. Many of them resort to smoking, unhealthy eating habits or passive activities, such as watching television. Alcohol  impact the receptors in the brain that reduce stress and Lack of nicotine cause stress in smokers and results in dependency on smoking.

The self-perpetuating cycle then becomes a sedentary routine. Alcohol abuse, unhealthy diet and smoking, all promote heart disease and interfere with sleep patterns. Drinking excess of coffee, can cause changes in blood pressure and stress hormone levels like those produced by chronic stress. Simple sugars, animal fats, and salt are known contributors to health problems.

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Track 9: Stress and Coping

Stress has become a factor in a variety of physical and emotional disability, which should be professionally treated. Mild stress symptoms can be managed with medications (for example, aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen). One should consult a mental health professional for unmanageable acute stress or for severe anxiety and depression. Many short-term therapies have the potential to resolve emotional problems.

The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) and other assessment tools help identify aspects of stress such as difficulty relaxing or nervous arousal.

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Track 10: Stress and Spirituality

Since years, Spiritual science has proved its worth to cope up with stressful situations. Researchers specifically from Asian countries believe that meditation and deep breath exercise has the potential to transform the state of mind. Studies even suggest that regular meditation help reduce blood pressure and benefit the heart. Those who practice, justify this. So this is important to talk on this important aspect on this International platform with a hope to understand it better. 

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Track 11: Mental Health Statistics

In USA, 80% of adults continue to report moderate to high levels of stress. 10-15% of population remains depressed at any given time of the year. 85% of workers feel stress on job. Nearly 60% Chinese employees feel stress at workplace with the highest rise of 82%. In last few years an estimated 440,000 individuals in Britain experienced work-related stress.

According to the European Working Conditions, stress was experienced by approximately 25% of European Workers. The highest level of stress was reported in Greece (52%), and then in Slovenia, Sweden (36%), and Latvia (34%). Lowest stress levels were noted in the United Kingdom (10%), Germany, Ireland, and Netherlands (12%). In Czech Republic (15%), and in France and Bulgaria (16%).

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We welcome you to the 2nd Annual Experts Meeting on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Management on November 07-08, 2016 at Barcelona, Spain.  Stress Management 2016 conference will run around the theme Novel Discoveries and Strategies to Manage Depression, Anxiety and Stress”.

Research suggests that quite a large number of population suffer from anxiety and stress at work that progressively, it turns out to be a mental disorder. Your presence with us will benefit big number of working population suffering from stress related worries in their lives.

School and college students, graduates, research workers, and even highly qualified professionals knowingly or unknowingly suffer from stress. Be it a developed or a developing nation, depression and stress prevails in the roots. Various studies reveal that even in countries like USA, 10-15% of population remains depressed at any given time of the year. Three times more women than men are diagnosed and average duration is of 10 years. Even in UK and Germany, more than 50% youngsters fall in the state of depression. They are stressed in the run for more money and better life style. People from developing nations are stressed because of unemployment, poverty and poor health.

In USA, 75% of adults continue to report moderate to high levels of stress. 10-15% of population remains depressed at any given time of the year. 80% of workers feel stress on job. Nearly 60% Chinese employees feel stress at workplace with the highest rise of 86%. Alarmingly 91% of Australians feel stress in at least one important aspect of their lives that costs approximately $14.2 billion to Australian economy. In 2007/08, an estimated 442,000 individuals in Britain experienced work-related stress that cost £28.3 billion per year.

According to the Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, stress was experienced by approximately 22% of workers from European Union. The highest level of stress was reported in Greece (55%), and then in Slovenia, Sweden (38%), and Latvia (37%). Lowest stress levels were noted in the United Kingdom (12%), Germany, Ireland, and Netherlands (16%). In Czech Republic (17%), and in France and Bulgaria (18%).

Why to attend?

In Spain, stress is most prevalent in the education and health sectors, as well as in agriculture, hunting, forestry & fishing. 42.9% workers from financial intermediation sector, 29% clerks and 24% technicians consulted a doctor most often about stress-related health issues. Symptoms diagnosed were difficulty in getting to sleep or sleeping badly, headaches, dizziness, and so forth.  MEDLINE, Spanish journals, reference lists, national databases, and European and Spanish official documents describe the current state of the MHCS that reveals the existence of great variability among the autonomous communities with respect to mental health resources and provision of care.

Currently, various Associations and Foundations are funding Mental Health Projects in Spain. Associacion Espanola de Neuropsiquiatria (AEN), FEAFES, Fundacion Intras, Fundacion Mundo Bipolar, Associacion Nacional de Enfermeria en Salud Mental Andalusian School of Public Health (EASP), ANAR Foundation etc. Also many Universities are providing a valuable support in the field of stress management. University of the Basque Country, University of Barcelona, University of Valencia are few of them.

Mental Healthcare in Barcelona carries out activities in Child, Adolescent and Adult Psychiatry and Psychology. Efforts are primarily focused on developing Eating disorders unit as a benchmark in Catalonia. During last few years, many diversified areas of excellence have come across mental health services. Programmes on Attention deficit, Hyperactivity and the treatment for Addictive behaviors have been carried out successfully.

Many companies, in guidance of highly skilled research workers are presently working hard to bring some comfort to the concerned ones globally. Also Universities have highly qualified professors and teaching staff to train their students to carry forward the research contributions.

Future challenges include consolidating and expanding these new and other programmes as part of the reorganisation of other emergencies and reassigning the area of care.

There will be significant challenges concerning adults in the coming years and in the context of the Strategic Business Plan, which is supported by the implementation of the Master Plan for Mental Health and Addictions that promotes a new framework for leading and reforming the organisation of psychiatric inpatient activity in Barcelona.

Today, attention to mental health is an emerging social need. Mental disorders encompass a wide range of situations, with differing degrees of significance and seriousness, which affect nearly 20% of the population every year. Meanwhile, serious mental illnesses account for the largest percentage of people with disabilities.   

Idea is to bring all these dignitaries together to assure an efficient flow of knowledge and expertise. Reports from previous held conference in Spain, 2014 reveals how knowledge got shared among Universities and Companies. Renowned speakers from US, Japan, Italy, Spain, UK, Turkey, Germany and Poland contributed with their all best in making the conference, a big success.

Target Audience

  • Doctors, Professors, Readers and Directors, Research workers and Lecturer and Exhibitors
  • Humanitarian and Spiritual Leaders
  • Specialists in psychiatry, psychology, psychotherapy and neurosciences
  • Specialists in schizophrenia and bipolar and anxiety disorders
  • Mental health pharmacists
  • Community mental health and psychiatric nurses
  • General practitioners and physicians interested in mental health
  • All trainees and mental health service managers
  • People with obsessive compulsive and personality disorders
  • People with alcohol use, suicidal behaviors and substance use disorders
Depression, Anxiety and Stress Management
 

ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION

People are often unclear about the differences between anxiety and depression, and confused as to which is their primary problem.

Anxiety Disorders are characterized by a sense of doubt and vulnerability about future events. The attention of anxious people is focused on their future prospects, and the fear that those future prospects will be bad. These are characterized by a variety of symptoms involving anxious thoughts, unexplained physical sensations, and avoidant or self protective behaviors.

Depression is actually a mixture of feeling low combined with symptoms of anxi­ety. The latter can range from waking up with a sinking feeling or butterflies in the stomach or panic attacks to full blown physical symptoms of acid indigestion, problems with swallowing, diarrhoea, a feeling of tightness in the throat, diffi­culty breathing, weight loss, and a sure­ness that “something serious is wrong with me”.

The cause and symptoms may vary depending upon the source and the sufferer. The responsibility of a task assigned or taken when the potential of the doer exceeds may lead to stress or depression. Emptiness in life and a feeling of not getting love and care of near ones is also one of the important reasons to be considered. Negative emotions like greed, jealousy, hatred, inferiority complex, job or money insecurity, poor health, mental instability, fear etc. cause anxiety and sickness.

WHO ALL SUFFERS
School and college students, graduates, research workers, and even highly qualified professionals knowingly or unknowingly suffer from stress. Be it a developed or a developing nation, depression and stress prevails in the roots. Various studies reveal that even in countries like USA, 10-15% of population remains depressed at any given time of the year. Three times more women than men are diagnosed and average duration is of 10 years. Even in UK and Germany, more than 50% youngsters fall in the state of depression. They are stressed in the run for more money and better life style. People from developing nations like India, Bangladesh, Pakistan etc. are mainly stressed because of unemployment, poverty and poor health. Natives of some nations like Iraq and Iran are depressed because of fear of getting tortured or killed in terrorist activities.
 
ADDICTION
So what they all do to come out of it. They consume alcohol, cigarette or drugs and many even commit suicide. Such consumables prohibit our senses to understand, to be aware, to think wisely and may cause memory loss. Such persons then appears relaxed and worryfree but for a few minutes or may be few hours only which we call the active period of the drug. Progressively such addictions ruins not only a single life but all the associations got affected at the cost of deadly health disorders. 
 
STRESS (BIOLOGY)
Overview
Environmental events, both physical and emotional, can produce stress reactions to widely varying degrees. Stress can affect many aspects of physiology, and levels of stress, emotional status, and means of coping with stress can influence health and disease. The stress system consists of brain elements, of which the main components are the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and locus ceruleus (LC)-norepinephrine (NE)/autonomic systems, as well as their peripheral effectors, the pituitary-adrenal axis and the autonomic system, which function to coordinate the stress response. Activation of the stress system results in behavioural and physical changes which allow the organism to adapt. This system is closely integrated with other central nervous system elements involved in the regulation of behaviour and emotion, in addition to the axes responsible for reproduction, growth and immunity. With current trends in stress research which focus on understanding the mechanisms through which the stress-response is adaptive or becomes maladaptive, there is a growing association of stress system dysfunction, characterized by hyperactivity and/or hypoactivity to various pathophysiological states. 
According to the stressful event, the body's way to respond to stress is by sympathetic nervous system activation which results in the fight-or-flight response. Because the body cannot keep this state for long periods of time, the parasympathetic system returns the body's physiological conditions to normal (homeostasis). In humans, stress typically describes a negative condition or a positive condition that can have an impact on a person's mental and physical well-being.
There is likely a connection between stress and illness. Both acute and chronic stress can cause illness, and can lead to changes in behaviour and in physiology. Behavioural changes can be smoking, eating habits and physical activity. Physiological changes can be changes in sympathetic activation or hypothalamic pituitary adrenocorticoid activation and immunological function. 
Stress can make the individual more susceptible to physical illnesses like the common cold. Stressful events such as job changes may result in insomnia, impaired sleeping and health complaints. Research indicates the type of stressor (whether it's acute or chronic) and individual characteristics such as age and physical well-being before the onset of the stressor can combine to determine the effect of stress on an individual. An individual's personality characteristics (such as level of neuroticism, genetics, and childhood experiences with major stressors and traumas may also dictate their response to stressors. 
Chronic stress and a lack of coping resources available or used by an individual can often lead to the development of psychological issues such as depression and anxiety. This is particularly true regarding chronic stressors. These are stressors that may not be as intense as an acute stressor like a natural disaster or a major accident, but they persist over longer periods of time. These types of stressors tend to have a more negative impact on health because they are sustained and thus require the body's physiological response to occur daily. This depletes the body's energy more quickly and usually occurs over long periods of time, especially when these microstressors cannot be avoided (i.e.- stress of living in a dangerous neighbourhood). For example, studies have found that caregivers, particularly those of dementia patients, have higher levels of depression and slightly worse physical health than noncaregivers. 
Studies have also showed that perceived chronic stress and the hostility associated with Type A personalities are often associated with much higher risks of cardiovascular disease. This occurs because of the compromised immune system as well as the high levels of arousal in the sympathetic nervous system that occur as part of the body's physiological response to stressful events. 
However, it is possible for individuals to exhibit hardiness - a term referring to the ability to be both chronically stressed and healthy. Many psychologists are currently interested in studying the factors that allow hardy individuals to cope with stress and evade most health and illness problems associated with high levels of stress. Stress can be associated with psychological disorders such as general anxiety disorder, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. However, it is important to note that everyone experiences some level of stress, and diagnosis of stress disorders can only be performed by a licensed practitioner.
It has long been believed that negative affective states, such as feelings of anxiety and depression, could influence the pathogenesis of physical disease, which in turn, have direct effects on biological process that could result in increased risk of disease in the end. However recent studies done by the University of Wisconsin-Madison and other places have shown this to be untrue, it isn't stress itself that causes the increased risk of illness or death, it is actually the perception that stress is harmful. For example, when humans are under chronic stress, permanent changes in their physiological, emotional, and behavioural responses are most likely to occur. Such changes could lead to disease. Chronic stress results from stressful events that persist over a relatively long period of time, such as caring for a spouse with dementia, or results from brief focal events that continue to be experienced as overwhelmingly long after they are over, such as experiencing a sexual assault.
Experiments show that when healthy human individuals are exposed to acute laboratory stressors, they show an adaptive enhancement of some markers of natural immunity but a general suppression of functions of specific immunity. By comparison, when healthy human individuals are exposed to real-life chronic stress, this stress is associated with a biphasic immune response where partial suppression of cellular and humoral function coincides with low-grade, nonspecific inflammation.
Even though psychological stress is often connected with illness or disease, most healthy individuals can still remain disease-free after confronting chronic stressful events. Also, people who do not believe that stress will affect their health do not have an increased risk of illness, disease, or death. This suggests that there are individual differences in vulnerability to the potential pathogenic effects of stress; individual differences in vulnerability arise due to both genetic and psychological factors. In addition, the age at which the stress is experienced can dictate its effect on health. Research suggests chronic stress at a young age can have lifelong impacts on the biological, psychological, and behavioral responses to stress later in life. 
In animals, stress contributes to the initiation, growth, and metastasis of select tumours, but studies that try to link stress and cancer incidence in humans have had mixed results. This can be due to practical difficulties in designing and implementing adequate studies.
 
Biological need for equilibrium
Homeostasis is a concept central to the idea of stress. In biology, most biochemical processes strive to maintain equilibrium (homeostasis), a steady state that exists more as an ideal and less as an achievable condition. Environmental factors, internal or external stimuli, continually disrupt homeostasis; an organism’s present condition is a state of constant flux moving about a homeostatic point that is that organism’s optimal condition for living. Factors causing an organism’s condition to diverge too far from homeostasis can be experienced as stress. A life-threatening situation such as a major physical trauma or prolonged starvation can greatly disrupt homeostasis. On the other hand, an organism’s attempt at restoring conditions back to or near homeostasis, often consuming energy and natural resources, can also be interpreted as stress.
 
Biological background
Stress can have many profound effects on the human biological systems. Biology primarily attempts to explain major concepts of stress using a stimulus-response paradigm, broadly comparable to how a psychobiological sensory system operates. The central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) plays a crucial role in the body's stress-related mechanisms. Whether one should interpret these mechanisms as the body’s response to a stressor or embody the act of stress itself is part of the ambiguity in defining what exactly stress is. Nevertheless, the central nervous system works closely with the body’s endocrine system to regulate these mechanisms. The sympathetic nervous system becomes primarily active during a stress response, regulating many of the body’s physiological functions in ways that ought to make an organism more adaptive to its environment. Below there follows a brief biological background of neuroanatomy and neurochemistry and how they relate to stress.
 
Neuroanatomy
Brain
The brain plays a critical role in the body’s perception of and response to stress. However, pinpointing exactly which regions of the brain are responsible for particular aspects of a stress response is difficult and often unclear. Understanding that the brain works in more of a network-like fashion carrying information about a stressful situation across regions of the brain (from cortical sensory areas to more basal structures and vice versa) can help explain how stress and its negative consequences are heavily rooted in neural communication dysfunction. In spite of this, several important brain structures implicated in playing key roles in stress response pathways are described below. 
 
Hypothalamus
The hypothalamus is a small portion of the brain located below the thalamus and above the brainstem. One of its most important functions is to help link together the body’s nervous and endocrine systems. This structure has many bidirectional neural inputs and outputs from and to various other brain regions. These connections help to regulate the hypothalamus’ ability to secrete hormones into the body’s blood stream, having far-reaching and long-lasting effects on physiological processes such as metabolism. During a stress response, the hypothalamus secretes various hormones, namely corticotropin-releasing hormone, which stimulates the body’s pituitary gland and initiates a heavily regulated stress response pathway.[27]
 
Amygdala
The amygdala is a small, "almond"-shaped structure, two of which are located bilaterally and deep within the medial temporal lobes of the brain. The amygdalae are part of the brain’s limbic system, with projections to and from the hypothalamus, hippocampus, and locus coeruleus among other areas. Thought to play a role in the processing of emotions, the amygdalae have been implicated in modulating stress response mechanisms, particularly when feelings of anxiety or fear are involved. 
 
Hippocampus
The hippocampus is a structure located bilaterally, deep within the medial temporal lobes of the brain, just below each amygdala, and is a part of the brain’s limbic system. The hippocampus is thought to play an important role in memory formation. There are numerous connections to the hippocampus from the cerebral cortex, hypothalamus, and amygdala, among other regions. During stress, the hippocampus is particularly important, in that cognitive processes such as prior memories can have a great influence on enhancing, suppressing, or even independently generating a stress response. The hippocampus is also an area in the brain that is susceptible to damage brought upon by chronic stress. 
 
Prefrontal cortex
The prefrontal cortex, located in the frontal lobe, is the anterior-most region of the cerebral cortex. An important function of the prefrontal cortex is to regulate cognitive processes including planning, attention and problem solving through extensive connections with other brain regions. The prefrontal cortex can become impaired during the stress response. 
 
Locus coeruleus
The locus coeruleus is an area located in the pons of the brainstem that is the principal site of the synthesis of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine, which plays an important role in the sympathetic nervous system’s fight-or-flight response to stress. This area receives input from the hypothalamus, amygdala, and raphe nucleus among other regions and projects widely across the brain as well as to the spinal cord.
 
Raphe nucleus
The raphe nucleus is an area located in the pons of the brainstem that is the principal site of the synthesis of the neurotransmitter serotonin, which plays an important role in mood regulation, particularly when stress is associated with depression and anxiety. Projections extend from this region to widespread areas across the brain, namely the hypothalamus, and are thought to modulate an organism's circadian rhythm and sensation of pain among other processes.
 
Spinal cord
The spinal cord plays a critical role in transferring stress response neural impulses from the brain to the rest of the body. In addition to the neuroendocrine blood hormone signalling system initiated by the hypothalamus, the spinal cord communicates with the rest of the body by innervating the peripheral nervous system. Certain nerves that belong to the sympathetic branch of the central nervous system exit the spinal cord and stimulate peripheral nerves, which in turn engage the body’s major organs and muscles in a fight-or-flight manner.
 
Pituitary gland
The pituitary gland is a small organ that is located at the base of the brain just under the hypothalamus. This gland releases various hormones that play significant roles in regulating homeostasis. During a stress response, the pituitary gland releases hormones into the blood stream, namely adrenocorticotropic hormone, which modulates a heavily regulated stress response system
 
Adrenal gland
The adrenal gland is a major organ of the endocrine system that is located directly on top of the kidneys and is chiefly responsible for the synthesis of stress hormones that are released into the blood stream during a stress response. Cortisol is the major stress hormone released by the adrenal gland.
In addition to the locus coeruleus existing as a source of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine within the central nervous system, the adrenal gland can also release norepinephrine during a stress response into the body’s blood stream, at which point norepinephrine acts as a hormone in the endocrine system.
 
Neurochemistry
Corticotropin-releasing hormone
Corticotropin-releasing hormone is the neurohormone secreted by the hypothalamus during a stress response that stimulates the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland by binding to its corticotropin-releasing hormone-receptors, causing the anterior pituitary to release adrenocorticotropic hormone. 
 
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
It is the hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland into the body’s blood stream that stimulates the cortex of the adrenal gland by binding to its adrenocorticotropic hormone-receptors, thus causing the adrenal gland to release cortisol.
 
Cortisol
Cortisol is a steroid hormone, belonging to a broader class of steroids called glucocorticoids, produced by the adrenal gland and secreted during a stress response. Its primary function is to redistribute energy (glucose) to regions of the body that need it most (i.e., the brain and major muscles during a fight-or-flight situation). As a part of the body’s fight-or-flight response, cortisol also acts to suppress the body’s immune system.
Cortisol is synthesized from cholesterol in the adrenal cortex. Its primary function is to increase blood sugar through gluconeogenesis, suppress the immune system and aid in fat and protein metabolism. 
 
Norepinephrine
Norepinephrine is a neurotransmitter released from locus coeruleus when stimulated by the hypothalamus during a stress response. Norepinephrine serves as the primary chemical messenger of the central nervous system’s sympathetic branch that prepares the body for fight-or-flight response.
 
Serotonin
Serotonin is a neurotransmitter synthesized in the raphe nucleus of the pons of the brainstem and projects to most brain areas. Serotonin is thought to play an important role in mood regulation. Stress-induced serotonin dysfunctions have been associated with anxiety, fear and depression-like symptoms.
 
Neuropeptide Y
Neuropeptide Y is a protein that is synthesized in the hypothalamus and acts as a chemical messenger in the brain. Traditionally, it has been thought to play an important role in appetite, feeding behaviour, and satiety, but more recent findings have implicated Neuropeptide Y in anxiety and stress, specifically, stress resiliency. 
 
Mechanism
The human stress response involves a complex signaling pathway among neurons and somatic cells. While our understanding of the chemical interactions underlying the stress response has increased vastly in recent years, much remains poorly understood. The roles of two peptide hormones, corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and arginine-vassopressin (AVP), have been widely studied. Stimulated by an environmental stressor, neurons in the hypothalamus secrete CRH and AVP.
CRH, a short polypeptide, is transported to the anterior pituitary, where it stimulates the secretion of corticotropin. Consequently, corticotropin stimulates increased production of corticosteroids including cortisol, the primary actor directly impacting the stress response. Vasopressin, a small hormone molecule, increases reabsorption of water by the kidneys and induces vasoconstriction, the contraction of blood vessels, thereby raising blood pressure. Together, CRH and vasopressin activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. The HPA axis comprises the system of feedback interactions among the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and adrenal glands.
In sum, the hypothalamus releases CRH and vasopressin, which activate the HPA axis. CRH stimulates the anterior pituitary to release corticotropin, which travels through the bloodstream to the adrenal cortex, where corticoptropin then upregulates cortisol production. Vasopressin, the other hormone secreted by the hypothalamus, stimulates the cortical collecting ducts of the kidneys to increase reuptake of water, resulting in smaller volumes of urine formed. As the next section will illuminate, corticosteroids such as cortisol act across the entire body to promulgate the stress response.
 
Cortisol is a glucocorticoid horone synthesized from cholesterol by enzymes of the cytochrome P450 family in the zona fasciculata, the middle area of the adrenal cortex. Regulated via the HPA axis, cortisol is the primary hormone responsible for the stress response. Expressed at the highest levels in the early morning, cortisol’s main function is to restore homeostasis following exposure to stress. The effects of cortisol are felt over virtually the entire body and impact several homeostatic mechanisms. While cortisol’s primary targets are metabolic, it also affects ion transport, the immune response, and even memory.
Cortisol counters insulin by encouraging higher blood sugar and stimulating gluconeogenesis, the metabolic pathway that synthesizes glucose from oxaloacetate. The presence of cortisol triggers the expression of enzymes critical for gluconeogenesis, facilitating this increase in glucose production. Conversely, it also stimulates glycogen synthesis in the liver, which decreases net blood sugar levels. In these ways, cortisol carefully regulates the level of glucose circulating through the bloodstream. Cortisol’s beneficial effects are clear from its role in metabolism: during states of fasting, when blood glucose has been depleted, cortisol ensures a steady supply of glucose via gluconeogenesis.
Cortisol’s role in ion regulation, particularly regarding sodium and potassium, has also been widely studied. Cortisol prevents cells from losing sodium and accelerates the rate of potassium excretion. This helps regulates bodily pH, bringing it back into equilibrium after a destabilizing event. Cortisol’s ability to regulate the action of cellular sodium-potassium pumps has even led to speculation that it originally evolved as a sodium transporter.
Cortisol’s weakening effects on the immune response have also been well documented. T-lymphocyte cells are an essential component of cell-mediated immunity. T-cells respond to cytokine molecules called interleukins via a signaling pathway. Cortisol blocks T-cells from proliferating by preventing some T-cells from recognizing interleukin signals. It also stifles inflammation due to inhibition of histamine secretion. Cortisol’s ability to prevent the promulgation of the immune response can render individuals suffering from chronic stress highly vulnerable to infection.
A role for cortisol in memory has also been demonstrated. The hippocampus, the region of the brain where memories are processed and stored, contains many cortisol receptors. While normal cortisol levels have no adverse effects on the hippocampus, excess cortisol overwhelms the hippocampus and actually causes atrophy. Studies of the elderly have indicated that those with elevated cortisol levels display significant memory loss resulting from hippocampus damage, but the exact age range at risk is unclear. There is a reprieve, however, for the chronically stressed: the damage incurred is usually reversible.
Finally, cortisol participates in an inhibitory feedback loop by blocking the secretion of corticotripin-releasing hormone, preventing the HPA axis interactions central to glucocorticoid secretion. Many in the scientific community speculate that chronic levels of high stress disrupt the delicate feedback balance, resulting in the failure of feedback inhibition to operate and the continued release of cortisol.
 
ROLE OF SOCIETIES, ORGANIZATIONS, NGO’S AND SPIRITUALITY
Doctors, researchers, professors, social workers and students have come forward in last many years to treat this state of mind with as many ways they can. Allopathic, natural and a number of remedies have been employed in different cases and positive results have been seen. Other than medication, Spirituality is believed as a saviour for a big number of sufferers. How spirituality can be helpful in managing stress? Will it actually be able to or not? And the proved answer is Yes, Spirituality has the potential to deal with stress, depression and anxiety. It means that a few minutes of practice on our breathing pattern along with meditation can bring the transformation that we are looking for. Also we can say that yoga and meditation are the two pillars which we can utilize to come out of depression and anxiety. These mind-body techniques promote feeling of joy and well-being. Please note that yoga practices vary and some may not be recommended for people with certain medical conditions.
Let us understand this basis with a live example. Let us observe the pattern of our breath when we are calm, it is normal and at situations when we are angry, greedy or jealous it is either fast or slow. That means the pattern of our breath depends upon our emotional state. So to manage our emotions, we have a key that if we could manage our breath, we can manage our emotions.
Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn's meditation studies at the University of Massachusetts have shown that practicing meditation to lower stress can improve mood and relieve negative feelings of depression such as anxiety and anger. Using these meditation practices, called mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, several studies have found that meditation can reduce the risk for a recurrence of major depression.
To learn this management, one needs to attend any of the workshops, conferences and seminars that are now getting organized at various parts of the world. Highly intellectual personalities have come up with new ideas and techniques. Disease free body, calm and focused mind, inhibition free intellect and trauma free memory is the birth right of every individual.
 
TREATMENT AND REMEDIES
Allopathic
In the past, people with symptoms of depression or anxiety were often treated with tranquillizers, or benzodiazepines like diazepam (Valium). Although tranquillizers may still be used by the medical profession if symptoms of anxiety are very severe, they are now generally recommended only for short term use (up to two weeks at a time).
The most common medications for depression these days are antidepressants which help to rebalance the mood hor­mones, commonly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and less often, the tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). However, their effectiveness in mild or subthreshold symptoms is questioned by modern research and they are now not routinely advised for by the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE).
Standard allopathic treatment for depression used to involve cognitive/behavioral therapy – let’s sit on the couch and talk. Increasingly in these days of HMOs, standard allopathic treatment comes from the prescription pad – antidepressants, anticonvulsants, anxiolytics (anti-anxiety agents), stimulants, and other psychotropic (mind-changing) pharmaceuticals.
Drugs sometimes calm the anxiety, sometimes they merely make people feel brain fogged. Depression drugs have a track record of giving about a 50 percent decrease in symptoms. Many patients have experienced that over time their anti-depressant doesn’t seem to work anymore and they have to switch to an ever stronger cocktail of pharmaceuticals. If you are way low on serotonin – the hormone that is a master neurotransmitter – the drugs may not work much at all. Up to 20% of patients fail to respond to any form of therapy for depression.
 
Homeopathic
Considering a research paper published in NCBI, one could opt for homeopathic treatment, a well-established yet largely untested therapeutic system with potential relevance to psychiatry. It may also be useful in the treatment of affective and anxiety disorders in patients with mildly to severely symptomatic conditions. Experts suggest that homeopathy should not be used as the only treatment in serious depressive illness where there are feelings of wanting to die or a risk of suicide, or in mental health problems such as bipolar disorder (manic depression), schizophrenia or severe post­natal depression. These are complex and potentially life threatening illnesses and need advice from a psychiatrist and other healthcare pro­fessionals. Homeopathy may have a part to play as an additional or complemen­tary treatment but not as a stand alone therapy in these situations.
There are so many homeopathic med­icines that can be used to treat the numer­ous symptoms of depression and anxiety that it can be difficult to know where to start. It is important to make sure that your symptoms are not due to another illness such as an underactive thyroid or a stomach ulcer, so please talk to your doctor first to make sure of the diagnosis before starting homeopathic treatment.
 
Herbal
Herbal treatments also work in a similar way to conven­tional antidepressants although usually with a lower rate of side effects. They often have a combination of active ingredients as opposed to the synthetic medications, which are single substances in a poten­tially more potent form.
There is a wide variety of herbal supplements that people believe can treat many illnesses. For depression, St. John's wort is a common herbal supplement that is used and work best for mild to moderate depression, not the more severe forms. Other supplements that have varying amounts of evidence for depression are 5-HTP and SAMe. Using an herbal supplement requires caution and should be taken only after consulting your doctor. This is because supplements could interact with medicines that you are also taking, and use could be dangerous for people with certain conditions. Your doctor can help you weigh the risks and potential benefits. That way, you can make an informed decision.
 
Exercise and Acupuncture
Along with yoga and meditation that we have discussed earlier, exercise and acupuncture are suggested by various mental health experts. Exercise, if done correctly, is one of the most promising natural treatment for depression. It elevates mood quickly and reliably. It is believed that it affects the same neurotransmitter system that medication does, “Says Dr. Shadick. A recent review of all the available controlled trials that compared exercise with either no treatment or another type of established treatment in people diagnosed with depression concluded that exercise does relieve the symptoms. But how effective and which type of exercise is best remain to be seen. Many studies, going back to 1981, support the use of exercise as a part of treatment plan for mild to moderate depression. Most experts suggest about 30 to 60 minutes if moderate exercise to lift your mood.
Acupuncture is increasingly being used as a natural treatment for depression. One area where acupuncture has been studied for depression is associated with pregnancy. Because of potential side effects of drug treatment in pregnant women, acupuncture would be a valuable alternative. In a study published in the Journal of Affective Disorders, 61 pregnant women with major depression were treated with acupuncture specifically tailored to treat depression, general acupuncture that didn’t target depression, or with massage therapy. The women who were treated with acupuncture specifically targeting depression had a response rate of 69 percent. In comparison, the response rates were lower for those who received general acupuncture (47%) or massage therapy (32%).
 
Massage therapy
It uses touch to provide relaxation. Most touch therapies are based on the premises that the mind and body are interconnected and that physical health and emotional well-being are closely linked. The belief is that, when the body is relaxed, the mind contributes to better health, less depression, and overall well-being. There are also reports that mind/body exercises used with various types of bodywork can boost feelings of calmness.
 
Guided imagery
Also called visualization, is a method of communication between body and mind that utilizes perception, vision, smell, taste and touch along with position and movement to produce a relaxation response. It involves mentally seeing pictures of relaxing situations, such as a sunset on the beach, a flowing mountain waterfall, or a brilliant mountain sunrise.
As you use all your senses during imagery, you will actually make an effort to smell the flowers and trees, feel the breeze or temperature, feel the texture of the surface under your feet and may hear all the sounds in nature.
While some people are better at imagining than others, anyone can master this simple relaxation technique. You can use guided imagery during massage or another touch therapy to boost your relaxation and your feelings of serenity and peacefulness. Much like learning to play the piano or tennis, becoming skilled at guided imagery involves time, patience, and practice. It is one relaxation skill that cannot be rushed or hurried.
 
Music therapy
It has been shown to be an effective non-drug approach for people of all ages that assists in reducing fear, anxiety, stress, or grief. Music can be thought of as a natural tranquilizer for the human spirit.
Pythagoras, the sixth century B.C. philosopher and mathematician, is thought to have been the founder of music therapy. During World War II, the Veterans Hospitals had volunteers who played their music for the wounded soldiers. The results were so positive that the authorities added music therapy programs.
 
Get in routine and set goals
If you are depressed, you need a routine, says Ian Cook, MD. He's a psychiatrist and director of the Depression Research and Clinic Program at UCLA. Set daily goals for yourself. "Start very small," Cook says. "Make your goal something that you can succeed at, like doing the dishes every other day." As you start to feel better, you can add more challenging daily goals.
 
Eat healthy and get enough sleep
There is no magic diet that fixes depression. It's a good idea to watch what you eat, though. If depression tends to make you overeat, getting in control of your eating will help you feel better. Although nothing is definitive, Cook says there's evidence that foods with omega-3 fatty acids (such as salmon and tuna) and folic acid (such as spinach and avocado) could help ease depression.
Stress can make it hard to get enough shut-eye, and too little sleep can make depression worse. What can you do? Start by making some changes to your lifestyle. Go to bed and get up at the same time every day. Try not to nap. Take all the distractions out of your bedroom- no computer and no TV. In time, you may find your sleep improves.
 
Take on responsibilities
When you’re depressed, you may want to pull back from life and give up your responsibilities at home and at work. Don't. Staying involved and having daily responsibilities can help you maintain a lifestyle that can help counter depression. They ground you and give you a sense of accomplishment. If you're not up to full-time school or work, that’s fine. Think about part-time. If that seems like too much, consider volunteer work.
 
Challenge negative thoughts
In your fight against depression, a lot of the work is mental, changing how you think. When you're depressed, you leap to the worst possible conclusions. The next time you're feeling terrible about yourself, use logic as a natural depression treatment. You might feel like no one likes you, but is there real evidence for that? You might feel like the most worthless person on the planet, but is that really likely? It takes practice, but in time you can beat back those negative thoughts before they get out of control.
 
Do something new 
When you’re depressed, you’re in a rut. Push yourself to do something different. Go to a museum. Pick up a used book and read it on a park bench. Volunteer at a soup kitchen. Take a language class. "When we challenge ourselves to do something different, there are chemical changes in the brain," Cook says. "Trying something new alters the levels of the brain chemical, dopamine, which is associated with pleasure, enjoyment, and learning."
 
Try to have fun
If you’re depressed, make time for things you enjoy. What if nothing seems fun anymore? "That's just a symptom of depression," Cook says. You have to keep trying anyway. As strange as it might sound, you have to work at having fun. Plan things you used to enjoy, even if they feel like a chore. Keep going to the movies. Keep going out with friends for dinner. When you're depressed, you can lose the knack for enjoying life, Cook says. You have to relearn how to do it. 
 
STRESS STATISTICS IN EUROPE
Work related stress is one of the biggest health and safety challenges. According to a study in 2005, Stress is the second most frequently reported health problem, affecting 22% of workers from the European Union and this number is likely to increase. Studies also suggest that stress is a factor in between 50 to 60% of all lost working days that represents a huge cost in terms of both human distress and impaired economic performance. Unemployment in the eurozone as a whole is sitting at an all time record of 12%. Specifically if we look at France, it has surged to 10.6%, a new all time record. In Greece, it has risen to 27.2% and those under the age of 25 particularly holds 59.3%. French car sales in March 2013 were 16% whereas German car holds 17% lower than they were one year earlier. 
 
STRESS STATISTICS IN SPAIN
Work related stress and unemployment 
In Spain, the National Health Insurance (NHI) covers the 100% of acute inpatient and outpatient primary and specialist care. Drug coverage is 100% in those over age 65 and 60% of those under age 65. Despite this, psychiatric care has been one of the most neglected areas within the health system. The 1986 General Health Act and the so-called psychiatric reform were key issues in the development of the mental healthcare system (MHCS) in Spain. MEDLINE, Spanish journals, reference lists, national databases, and European and Spanish official documents describe the current state of the MHCS that reveals the existence of great variability among the autonomous communities with respect to mental health resources and provision of care. The 2006 plan evaluation report concluded that, of the 17 ACs, only five had specific resources (funding and time) for this kind of coordination (MHSPE, 2009). Also there is lack of national epidemiological information on mental disorders. Training in psychiatry is well established, although there is no specialism in child and adolescent psychiatry.
Unemployment rate has set a new record of 27% and for those under the age of 25, it is 57.2%. According to 4th EWCS (2005), 20% of Spanish workers reported work-related stress. Symptoms diagnosed were difficulty in getting to sleep or sleeping badly, headaches, dizziness, and so forth. In the year 2003, 59% of workers took medical advice one or more times and 15.7% of them consulted a doctor. Stress was the fourth most frequent reason given for consulting a doctor (14.7% of the cases), after backache (47%), neck ache (29.3%), and pain in an upper limb - shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm (16.4%).  In addition, 6% of workers showed three or more symptoms related to stress.
July 2015, Economic reports states that unemployment is approaching levels not seen since the Second Republic of the 1930s. The Madrid research group RR de Acuña & Asociados said the collapse of Spain's building industry will cause the economy to contract for the next three years, with a peak to trough loss of over 11pc of GDP. RR de Acuña said the overhang of unsold properties on the market, or still being built, has reached 1,623,000 . This dwarfs annual demand of 218,000, and will take six or seven years to clear. The group said Spain's unemployment will peak at around 25pc, comparable to the worst chapter of the Great Depression.
Separately, UBS said that unemployment will reach 4.8m and may go as high as 5.4m if the job purge in the service sector gathers pace. Roberto Ruiz, the bank's Spain strategist, said salaries must fall by 10pc in real terms to regain lost competitiveness.
 
Stress during Adolescence 
The actual risk factors associated with mental health in adolescents were not well known in the general population of Spain. Therefore, a study conducted and published in NCBI aims to identify individual and clustered behavioural risk factors for psychological distress. 
Mental health was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire with cross-sectional study between 2008 and 2009 among 4054 students representing fourth year of secondary education in the region of Madrid (Spain). 
Results suggest that psychological distress was more frequent in those who did insufficient physical activity, smoker, alcohol consumers and users of illegal drugs. It also showed a positive dose-response relationship with the number of risk behaviours for eating disorders (low consumption of fruits and vegetables). Moreover, it was associated with both thin or very thin body image and perceived overweight or obesity.
Stressed Spanish Women and Men
Another paper published in NCBI examine the sociodemographic, psychological, and health-related factors (considered jointly) associated with poor mental health in midlife and to analyze whether risk and protective factors differed in men and women.
Middle class sample of 252 women and 189 men between 45 and 65 years of age from Spanish rural areas were examined cross-sectionally. Mental health status was measured with the General Health Questionnaire.
Results inform us that the percentage of women (14.3%) with poor mental health was twice that of the men (7.4%). In women, the following variables were significantly and positively related to poor mental health: consumption of psychoactive drugs, physiological and cognitive anxiety; self-esteem and family satisfaction were protective factors. For men, physical complaints and cognitive anxiety were significant risk factors, and job satisfaction was a protective factor.
In general, the psychological variables were more clearly related to poor mental health. Women had a more unfavourable profile, and the variables related to poor mental health differed for men and women, perhaps due to social roles associated with gender. To facilitate diagnosis and take preventive measures, men's and women's risk factors for poor mental health should be differentiated.
 
Acculturative Stress
Another study explores acculturative stress as a risk factor for depressive and anxiety disorders as well as their symptomatology. It is hypothesized that perceived discrimination and general psychosocial stress will show the greatest association with psychopathology. The sample consists of 414 Latin American immigrant primary care patients in Barcelona. The instruments used are: the Barcelona Immigration Stress Scale (BISS) to evaluate acculturative stress, the Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale (GADS) for anxiety and depression symptoms, the Mini International Neurological Interview (MINI), a semi-structured interview, to detect psychiatric pathology, and a questionnaire for sociodemographic and attitudinal characteristics. The most elevated levels of acculturative stress were observed in the factors homesickness and general psychosocial stress. Acculturative stress is associated with depression and anxiety. With the covariants controlled, intercultural contact stress and general psychosocial stress maintain the relationship. Acculturative stress constitutes a risk factor for both depression and anxiety. General psychosocial stress and intercultural contact stress are related to psychopathology. Perceived discrimination and homesickness are not associated with psychopathology in the Spanish context, suggesting that cultural congruity plays a key role in the relationship between immigration and mental health.
 
IMPORTANCE OF THIS CONFERENCE
All these studies described earlier, bring our attention to organize this conference to help and support the depressed community. This conference has the potential to reveal:
Important insights into many areas of research
How to manage the side effects of anti-depressants as well as long term treatment and resistance.
How to diagnose depression in primary care
Plenary lectures, symposia, workshops, poster presentations and various programs on variety of topics 
Effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapies
Effective coordination between mental health and primary care
Health and Spirituality
Suicidal risk in people
Care of individuals with substance use disorder
Better care and rehabilitation programmes for individuals with severe mental disorders
Allopathic, herbal, homeopathic and various other treatment remedies
Stress factors in adolescent and elder ages
Promotion of management mechanisms that facilitate continuity of care and networking
Platform to meet the experts i.e. Noble Laureates, Doctors, Scientists, Professors and Research workers 
Sharing of ideas for advance diagnostic and therapeutic approaches
Opportunity to take away practical advice to translate into clinical practice
Students would be given sufficient time and resources to get to know more about their ideals that would help them in their scientific projects, career and research work
 
CONFERENCE STRATEGIES
Promotion, prevention and eradication of the stigma associated with mental disorders
Mental healthcare
Intra and inter institutional coordination
Training of healthcare professionals 
Research
Better harmonization and integration between health and social care 
Development of monitoring mechanisms for assessment of effectiveness of changes and mitigation of geographical disparities
 
SCOPE
In Spain, stress is most prevalent in the education and health sectors, as well as in agriculture, hunting, forestry & fishing. 42.9% workers from financial intermediation sector, 29% clerks and 24% technicians consulted a doctor most often about stress-related health issues. Symptoms diagnosed were difficulty in getting to sleep or sleeping badly, headaches, dizziness, and so forth.  MEDLINE, Spanish journals, reference lists, national databases, and European and Spanish official documents describe the current state of the MHCS that reveals the existence of great variability among the autonomous communities with respect to mental health resources and provision of care.
 
Currently, various Associations and Foundations are funding Mental Health Projects in Spain. Associacion Espanola de Neuropsiquiatria (AEN), FEAFES, Fundacion Intras, Fundacion Mundo Bipolar, Associacion Nacional de Enfermeria en Salud Mental Andalusian School of Public Health (EASP), ANAR Foundation etc. Also many Universities are providing a valuable support in the field of stress management. University of the Basque Country, University of Barcelona, University of Valencia are few of them.
 
Many companies, in guidance of highly skilled research workers are presently working hard to bring some comfort to the concerned ones globally. Also Universities have highly qualified professors and teaching staff to practically train their students to carry forward the research contributions. Idea is to bring all these dignitaries together to assure an efficient flow of knowledge and expertise. Reports from previous held conference in Spain, 2014 reveals how knowledge got shared among Universities and Companies. Renowned speakers from US, Japan, Italy, Spain, UK, Turkey, Germany and Poland contribute with their all best in making the conference, a big success.
 
TARGET AUDIENCE
Doctors, Professors, Readers and Directors, Research workers and Lecturer and Exhibitors
Humanitarian and Spiritual Leaders
Specialists in psychiatry, psychology, psychotherapy and neurosciences
Specialists in schizophrenia and bipolar and anxiety disorders
Mental health pharmacists
Community mental health and psychiatric nurses
General practitioners and physicians interested in mental health
All trainees and mental health service managers
People with obsessive compulsive and personality disorders
People with alcohol use, suicidal behaviours and substance use disorders
Women being divorced/separated
In case of death of a family member, alcoholic and immigrants-marginalized people
 
SHARING KNOWLEDGE WITH UNIVERSITIES AND COMPANIES
Many companies, in guidance of highly skilled research workers are presently working hard to bring some comfort to the concerned ones globally. Also Universities have highly qualified professors and teaching staff to practically train their students to carry forward the research contributions. Idea is to bring all these dignitaries together to assure an efficient flow of knowledge and expertise. Reports from previous held conference in Spain, 2014 reveals how knowledge got shared among Universities and Companies. Renowned speakers from US, Japan, Italy, Spain, UK, Turkey, Germany and Poland contribute with their all best in making the conference, a big success. 
 
BEST GLOBAL PSYCHIATRY/PSYCHOLOGY UNIVERSITIES
Harvard University, King’s College London, Yale University, University of California- Los Angeles, Stanford University, Columbia University, University of Pittsburgh, University of California- San Diego, Duke University, University College London, University of Michigan, University of Pennsylvania, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of Toronto, University of Oxford, University of California- Berkley, Washington University in St. Louis, University of Minnesota- Twin Cities, University of Cambridge, New York University 

HOSPITALS SERVING MENTAL HEALTH                                                                             Psychology Central  Australia, Liverpool Hospital, Bundang Hospital Korea, Tokyo Medical Center Japan, German Centre for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), University Hospital of Barcelona, Centre for addiction and mental health, Brooke Glen Behavioral Health Hospital US, Washington State Patrol US, Center for Traumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents at Allegheny General Hospital, Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences York Central Hospital, Biofeedback and Counselling, PLLC / Network Biofeedback Sevices, Inc., Houston Healthcare, Centre de Référence en Santé Mentale (Crésam) Belgium, Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Soziale Psychiatrie (DGSP) Germany, Bundespsychotherapeutenkammer (BptK) Germany, Ballington House Hospital UK, Encompass UK, Broadmoor Hospitals UK, AHEPA University Hospital Greece.

ASSOCIATIONS SERVING MENTAL HEALTH                                                                             WHO, Pfizer, National skills services for concurrent substance abuse and mental illness, Spanish Society of Dual Pathology EDPS, World Psychiatric Association Section on Dual Disorders, Centre for Public Mental Health UCT, Global Mental Health Association, Kings Health Partners, European cooperation in science and technology, Federal Medical Biological Agency of Russia, SHARPZ Organization, Zambia, Mental Health in Multicultural Australia, World Association of Cultural Psychiatry, World Psychiatric Association, European Psychiatric Association, European Association for Mental Health in Intellectual Disability, Canadian Mental Health Association, NAMI, CIBERSAM, ADHD Europe, European Association of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy (EABTC), European Depression Association, European Psychiatric Nurses  

 
FUNDING
USA
Hogg foundation for Mental Health grant $192,440 to ten tenure-track assistant professors in Texas. Also the foundation announced its new round of Mental Health Policy Fellow Grants in June 2012. 
The Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation awarded $2.34 million to two grantees—one in south Florida and the other in King County, Washington
The Endowment for Health awarded $142,968 to the New Hampshire Legal Assistance Youth Law Project. New Hampshire Bar Foundation also funds this project.
The Maine Health Access Foundation, in Portland, launched a ten-year, $10 million Integration Initiative in 2006.
New York Community Trust awarded $85,000 grant to Maimonides Medical Center, in Brooklyn.
In 2012—with funding from the Meadows Foundation, a statewide funder based in Dallas, Texas—the Center for Public Policy Priorities hired a mental health policy and budget analyst to broaden the scope of its work in health care.
The Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation’s  awarded a total of $2.12 million to five organizations, including Suicide Prevention International and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
In addition, the New York State Health Foundation is looking out for the mental health and other needs of veterans in that state through its Initiative for Returning Veterans and Their Families.
SAMHSA- Substance abuse and mental health service administration makes grant funds available through the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, and the Center for Mental Health Services. 
 
EUROPE
Baxter International Foundation in association with: 
Irish Hospice Foundation, Belgium Brussels- Funds $87,027 to expand nursing services.
De Overmolen, Ireland Dublin- Funds $109,200 to hire a full-time care and interaction coach to provide animal-assisted therapy for people with physical, visual, auditory, and mental limitations to improve their quality of life.
ANAR Foundation, Madrid Spain- Funds $85672 to allow the addition of a paid psychologist and two intern/trainees to enable the growth of the ANAR telephonic support program for children and adolescents reaching for help. 
Samusocial asbl, Belgium Brussels- Funds $97,166  to support the expansion of the current psychological mobile teams.
Like many other European countries mental healthcare is an integral part of the general healthcare with universal coverage funded by taxation. Total health expenditure accounted for 7.7% of GDP in 2003 (public health expenditure was 5.6% of GDP). Although the actual percentage expended in mental care is not known and estimates are unreliable, approximately 5% of total health expenditure can be attributed to mental health. 
Psychiatric care is one of the most neglected areas within the health system due to the longstanding fragmentation of responsibility for services among various public administration bodies, coupled with a lack of coordination, reliance on religious charitable organisations, chronic under-financing and a lack of interest in the field by most central and regional authorities. 
 

 

Stress Management-2015

 

We would like to thank all of our wonderful speakers, conference attendees, students and guests for making Stress Management 2015 a wonderful event!

In the presence of professional researchers and practitioners involved in the development of high quality education in all aspects of Stress management, OMICS International hosted Stress Management Summit during July 13-15, 2015 at Philadelphia, USA based on the theme “Novel discoveries and strategies for management of stress”.

Active participation and generous response was received from the Organizing Committee Members, scientists, researchers, as well as experts from Non-government organizations, and students from diverse groups.

The conference was marked with several workshops, multiple sessions, Keynote presentations, panel discussions and Poster sessions. We received active participation from scientists, young and brilliant researchers, business delegates and talented student communities, who have driven this event into the path of success.   

The conference was initiated with a warm welcome note and the Book Launch from Honorable guests and the Keynote forum. The proceedings went through interactive sessions and panel discussions headed by Dr. Esther Louise Sabban the honorable Moderator for the conference.

The conference proceedings were carried out through various Scientific-sessions and plenary lectures, of which the following Speakers were highlighted as Keynote speakers:

Harry L Campbell, Biofeedback Resources International, USA

Esther Louise Sabban, New York Medical College, USA

Mette Mouritsen, Bevidst Medicine, Denmark

Christina Darviri, University of Athens, Greece

Series of workshops and symposiums includes expert presentation by Dr. Harry L Campbell on “Biofeedback” as a therapy for Stress related disorder.” Dr. Esther Louise Sabban present her research on “New Insights into Endogenous Neuropeptides in Mediating Responses to Stress”. Dr. Inderdeep Kaur conducted a workshop on “Stress management through chanting mantra.

OMICS Group has taken the privilege of felicitating Stress Management 2015 Organizing Committee, Keynote Speakers who supported for the success of this event. OMICS Group, on behalf of the Organizing Committee congratulates the Best Poster awardees for their outstanding performance in the field of Stress Management and appreciates all the participants who put their efforts in poster presentations and sincerely wish them success in future endeavours.   

We are also obliged to various delegate experts, company representatives and other eminent personalities who supported the conference by facilitating active discussion forums. We sincerely thank the Organizing Committee Members for their gracious presence, support, and assistance towards the success of Stress Management 2015.

Esther Louis SabbanNew York Medical College, USA

Kathi KemperOhio University, USA

Yiqun GanPeking University, China

Peter W TuerkUniversity of South Carolina, USA

Frederick W. FoleyYeshiva Universit, USA

Kathy Sexton-Radek, Elmhurst College, USA

Christopher Coe, University of Wisconsin, USA

Gaurav Chaudhari, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA

Mariyah Hussain, Houston Psychiatry Health Care, USA

Asif Khan, Avalon University School of Medicine,USA

Graham Talley, Float On, USA

Ashkahn Jahromi, Float On, USA

Ahmed Alkhalaf, Albaha University, Saudi Arabia

B Ramesh Babu, Raichur Institute of Medical Sciences, India

Inderdeep Kaur, University of Delhi, India

Anastasia Giannaki, University of Athens, Greece

With the unique feedback from the conference, OMICS Group would like to announce "2nd Annual Experts Meeting on Depression, Anxiety & Stress Management” scheduled to be held at Barcelona, Spain on November 07-08, 2016.

Hope to see you soon !

For more information on past conference report: http://conferenceseries.com/Past_Reports/stress-management-2015-past

Stress Management 2016: http://stressmanagement.global-summit.com/

 

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